How important is the hottest manufacturing industr

2022-07-22
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How important is manufacturing to the rise of a country

no agriculture, no industry, no wealth. Due to the relatively limited output of agriculture, among the three industries, industry is truly a powerful hematopoietic industry, which is of great significance to the sustained economic prosperity and social stability

as early as 2010, China has become the world's largest industrial country, fulfilling the long cherished wish of the first generation of collective leadership represented by Comrade Mao Zedong to develop China from an agricultural country to an industrial country. Just as the Chinese people completed the historical achievements of preliminary industrialization, there were some disharmonious notes in the society. Some people linked industry with sweatshops; Some people even regard industry as an industry that will inevitably be eliminated by history, and propose to learn from the advanced experience of the West and engage in de industrialization

so, is industry really the culprit of environmental pollution and an industry that will inevitably be eliminated by history

the rise of great powers is due to the powerful industry. First, Britain has achieved a sunless Empire due to the industrial revolution. The three British islands have been isolated overseas. For a long historical period, Britain has been marginalized in politics, economy and culture. British nobles have demonstrated their nobility by speaking a few words of French. English is regarded as a lower class language in the European continent. However, the arrival of the industrial revolution has given marginalized Britain a chance to turn over

In 1733, mechanic John Kaye invented the flying shuttle, which doubled the weaving efficiency. In 1764, Weaver and carpenter James Hargreaves invented the Jenny spinning machine, which increased the spinning efficiency by 15 times. In 1785, engineer Eddie montcartwright invented the hydraulic loom, which increased the working efficiency by 40 times. The traditional handicraft industry gradually disintegrated and was replaced by mechanized mass production

with the rise of the textile industry, higher requirements were put forward for the power system. The steam engine originally only used for mine water pumping was improved and used in the textile industry. In 1784, the first steam spinning factory was established in Britain. Later, the steam engine was used in metallurgical industry, railway transportation, steam boat and other fields. By 1825, Britain had 15000 steam engines (375000 horsepower). From mines to factories, from land to sea, there were machines roaring, rotating and galloping everywhere. So far, Britain not only basically got rid of the shackles of traditional handicraft industry in the textile industry and realized mechanization, but also realized the substitution of machines for people in many fields such as transportation and metallurgy. By 1850, Britain's total industrial output value accounted for 39% of the world's total industrial output value, and its trade volume accounted for 21% of the world's total

when the British opened the door of the Manchu and Qing Dynasties with the Opium War, we should not only see the strong ships and cannons of the British, but also see the industrial foundation that provides support for the strong ships and cannons. This is the material guarantee for the red shirt army to fight all over the world in the 19th century, and the cornerstone for Britain to become an ever-growing empire

second, Germany has the ability to challenge the old international order because of its strong industrial strength.

Germany's industrialization is 50 years later than that of Britain. In 1830, Germany's industrial population accounted for less than 3%, and it was still an agricultural country. In addition, Germany was still in a state of fragmentation. These factors made the Germans become third-class citizens of Europe and were bullied. As a result, Heine, a famous romantic poet in Germany in the 19th century, lamented that the land belonged to the French and Russians, the sea belonged to the British, and only in the dream kingdom of the sky, The power of the Germans is indisputable

it was not until 1834 that the German customs union was established under the appeal of Liszt and other scholars that German countries embarked on the road of industrialization. By 1846, the German countries of the Customs Union had 313 yarn mills, 750000 mechanical spindles and 1139 steam engines (21700 horsepower). By 1848, the railway lines in Germany had a total length of 2500 kilometers

subsequently, the German state seized the opportunity of the second industrial revolution, and the steel industry flourished, emerging Ruhr Industrial Zone, Saar industrial zone and other important industrial towns. By 1870, Germany had a steam power of 2.48 million horsepower, a coal output of 34million tons, a pig iron output of 1.39 million tons, a steel output of 170000 tons, and a railway line of 18876 kilometers

at this point, German industry surpassed France in one fell swoop, and the total output value accounted for 13.2% of the world's total industrial output value, which also laid the material foundation for Prussia to win the Franco Prussian War in 1871

during the Second Reich of Germany, relying on the exploitation of cheap domestic labor and the war reparations of France, China and other countries, Germany's industrial strength achieved leapfrog development. Before the first World War, Germany's urbanization rate reached 60%, its industrial output accounted for 15.7% of the world's total industrial output, its steel output was 2.26 times that of Britain, its power generation was 3.2 times that of Britain, its railway mileage reached 60521 kilometers, 90% of that of Britain, and its coal output was 95% of that of Britain, Become the largest industrial country in Europe

the strong industrial foundation has also become the basis for Germany to dare to challenge British hegemony

III. The United States and the Soviet Union established a new post-war international order because of their strong industry. In, the United States is still a backward agricultural country. The industries in the north are mainly food processing and textile, and also produce raw materials such as wood and minerals; In the south, there is a plantation economy, where slave farms grow cotton, tea and grain

after the civil war, the United States, like Germany, seized the opportunity of the second industrial revolution. In addition, the United States has better development potential than Germany, vast territory, rich resources, huge population and unique geographical environment, which made the American industry explosive growth. From 1868 to 1880, the American steel production increased at an average annual rate of about 40%. Until the eve of World War I, the American industrial production ranked first in the world, Accounting for 32% of the total global industrial output, the output of steel, coal, oil and grain ranks first in the world

until the eve of World War II, the industrial output of the United States accounted for 38.7% of the total global industrial output. This is why the United States built a fleet aircraft carrier every two months on average during World War II, producing 40000 aircraft and 20000 tanks a year

on the eve of World War I, Russia's industrial output accounted for 8.2% of the world's total industrial output. Although it seems that its industrial strength is not bad, a large part of its industrial output value comes from foreign-invested light industry, and its domestic heavy industry accounts for only 1/5 of the total industry. Therefore, Russia is called a mud foot giant

in World War I, the equipment of the Russian army was significantly inferior to that of the German army. In some cases, three soldiers shared a rifle. After the establishment of the Soviet Union, especially under Stalin's guiding ideology of iron and Steel Industrialization and the planned economic system, the Soviet Union ushered in an era of high-speed industrialization. By the eve of World War II, the Soviet Union's industrial output accounted for 17.6% of the world's total industrial output, and its industrial structure was dominated by military industry and heavy industry

relying on its powerful heavy industry, the Soviet Union produced 108000 tanks, self-propelled guns and 144000 aircraft during World War II, and finally won the patriotic war. It joined forces with the allies at the Elbe River and redefined the post-war international order with the United States

the decline of the west is due to the loss of a powerful industry. First, without a powerful industry, there would be no international status. Looking back at history, although China paid a huge price in the two world wars, it only had the name of a victorious country, but there was no reality of a victorious country. After the first World War, the rights and interests of Shandong were seized by Japan; After World War II, China's rights and interests in Outer Mongolia and Northeast China were disposed of by the United States to the Soviet Union. The root of these phenomena lies in the fact that the industrial strength is inferior to that of people and the comprehensive national strength is inferior to that of people. It is obvious to compare the data before World War II:

the United States accounts for 38.7% of the world's industrial production

the Soviet Union accounted for 17.6% of the world's industrial production

Germany accounts for 13.2% of the world's industrial production

Britain accounts for 9.2% of the world's industrial production

France accounts for 4.5% of the world's industrial production

China accounts for 0.3% of the world's industrial production

it can be seen from the above data that China's industrial strength was extremely weak before World War II. Most of the limited factories belonged to the textile industry, while the heavy industry was almost zero. From iron nails to aircraft, tanks and warships, China basically relied on imports. At that time, China did not have its own industrial system and national defense industry, which could neither guarantee national security nor support the sustainable development of the national economy. Under the law of international relations of the law of the jungle, China was naturally bullied. Even China's national sovereignty was regarded as an object that could be arbitrarily punished by the major powers

it is precisely because since 1840, the century old national humiliation of being bullied because industrial strength is inferior to that of others has prompted the first generation of leading collective headed by Mao Zedong to have great enthusiasm for the development of heavy industry. Even if it is frugal and hungry, it is necessary to establish a sound industrial system and a strong national defense industry. In 1949, China was a devastated, poor and weak agricultural country. In 1976, China has become the world's sixth industrialized country with a complete industrial system, two bombs and one satellite, nuclear submarines and other sophisticated weapons and equipment, and its domestic start is relatively late. China has taken this opportunity to shake off the impression of poverty and weakness. The people's Republic of China has also become one of the five permanent members of the United Nations and has won the status of equal dialogue with established international powers such as the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain and France

30 years east of the river, 30 years west of the river. With the de industrialization of the West in recent decades and the industrial development of East Asian countries to the best of their ability, there have been three major industrial centers in North America, Western Europe and East Asia in the world, which has led to the end of the era of one country dominating the world. On the global political stage, East Asian countries have begun to play an increasingly important role, and the international political pattern has also undergone bipolar confrontation from the cold war, In the post Cold War era, the changes in the international status of various countries are determined by the industrial strength in the final analysis, from the "one superpower and many powerful countries" to the "three pillars" era in North America, Western Europe and East Asia

second, there can be no sustained economic prosperity without strong industry.

there is no instability without agriculture, no strength without industry, and no wealth without business. Due to the relatively limited output of agriculture, among the three industries, industry is truly a powerful hematopoietic industry, which is of great significance to the sustained economic prosperity and social stability

since the 2008 financial crisis, the European and American economies have plummeted, and China's economy has emerged as an engine of world economic growth. Its root lies in China's rapidly growing industrial strength. The reason why Germany was able to gain the leadership in Europe, especially after the European debt crisis, was also due to Germany's strong industrial strength

without a strong industry, although we can rely on the sale of natural resources for a while, we can not enjoy a lifetime

by selling its own resources, Argentina was a relatively rich country in the early 20th century. In the 1970s, thanks to the rise of Japan's economy, the prices of iron ore, oil and soybeans soared in a bull market of bulk commodities bred by the large-scale demand for raw materials, which supported the economic prosperity of Argentina. Argentina even stepped into the threshold of developed countries. However, with the saturation of Japan's demand for raw materials and the loss of Japan for two decades, Argentina's economy suffered a heavy blow, Together with populism and the shortsightedness of domestic politicians, Argentina has become the

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