How far is the road for China's robot industry to

2022-07-29
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How far is the road for China's robot industry to become bigger and stronger

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robots are entering all aspects of human life at an extraordinary speed, ranging from industrial robots engaged in critical and precision manufacturing, to medical robots the size of capsules, and to educational and accompanying robots for thousands of families. It is conceivable that robots will permeate human life more and more widely in the future, and the relationship between humans and robots will be closer and closer

in recent years, China's robot market has grown rapidly. In 2016, the sales scale of China's robot market was 36.82 billion yuan; In 2017, it increased by 37% to 48.37 billion yuan; In 2020, the operating revenue of China's robots exceeded 100billion for the first time. The sales scale of China's robot market has grown at an average annual rate of 34.2% in the past five years

according to the report released by the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), the annual sales of the global robot market increased from US $91.5 billion in 2016 to US $188billion in 2020. China is the largest and fastest growing robot market in the world. The "new world robot industrial robot 2020" report released by the alliance shows that at present, 783000 industrial robots are in operation in Chinese factories, with a year-on-year increase of 21%

industrial automation and intelligence are giving birth to a growing industrial robot market. Data from the National Bureau of statistics showed that last year, China's industrial robot sales increased by 19.1% year-on-year to 237068 sets. Since 2013, China has become the world's largest consumer market for industrial robots for eight consecutive years, accounting for about 39.2% of the global market share. The density of robots in China has reached 187 per 10000 employees in 2019, exceeding the global average of 113

however, 70% of China's industrial robots come from foreign robot companies, which is the pain point of China's industrial robot industry. At present, China's robot industry cluster is characterized by a large number of enterprises, mainly located in the middle and low end, and relatively low enterprise efficiency. The small scale of leading enterprises, low localization rate of core parts, weak profits, and large but not strong have become the bottleneck restricting the competitiveness of China's industrial robot industry in the international market

the robot industry originated from western developed countries. It began to sprout in the s of the last century. In the s, it entered the primary stage of simple robots. In the s, it developed rapidly. In the new century, robots began to enter the industrial field widely. In recent years, it began to transform into the fully intelligent period of robot people. People are used to calling the four leading enterprises in the global industrial robot industry four families, including FANUC in Japan, KUKA in Germany, abb in Switzerland and Yaskawa electric in Japan. The robots produced by these four world robot giants account for nearly 50% of the total global output

the development of robots in China started relatively late. In the 1980s, the initial research began to track the world's robot technology from the National 863 program. In the 1990s, a number of industrial robots and special robots for various purposes such as welding, assembly, painting, cutting, handling, packaging and stacking were successively developed. In the new century, China's robot industry has entered the fast lane of development. A number of key robot projects have been planned and implemented, and a number of robot industrialization bases have sprung up all over the country. China's robot industry has a good situation of catching up with western countries

the Chinese government has taken great care of the development of the robot industry. Over the past decade, it has successively launched a series of supportive policies, so Jinan Shijin has collected some plastic testing standards. Including the outline of the national medium and long term science and technology development plan (year), the National 863 plan, the made in China 2025, the robot industry development plan (year), the three-year action plan for promoting the development of the new generation of artificial intelligence industry (), the white paper on the robot industry, the industrial foundation project and other planning and policy documents, all of which put forward the development direction of the robot industry Key breakthrough areas and specific policy support have played a huge role in promoting the development of the robot industry

China's robot industry is mainly distributed in Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu in the Yangtze River Delta, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Beijing Tianjin Hebei in the Pearl River Delta, Harbin and Shenyang in the northeast, and there are more than 60 robot industrial parks in China. A number of scientific research institutions, including the Shenyang Institute of automation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Robotics Research Institute of Shanghai Jiaotong University, the State Key Laboratory of robotics and systems, and the joint Robotics Laboratory of deyuhang Harbin Institute of Technology (hit/dlr), have become new forces in robotics research in China. According to the robot industry Blue Book: China's robot industry development report () published by the social science literature press, by the end of 2019, China had accepted 162485 robot related patents, accounting for 44% of the total number of robot related patent applications published in the world. China's total number of artificial intelligence technology patent applications exceeded that of the United States for the first time, becoming the country with the largest number of applications in the world

as a follower of the robot industry, China is more than 30 years behind the developed countries. It still needs to make great efforts to catch up in key parts and system software

at present, the core parts of the robot mainly include servo motor, controller and reducer, which are mainly imported. As a result, China's robot enterprises have vicious competition in the middle and low-end market, and the lucrative end market is exclusively enjoyed by the global robot leading enterprises

in terms of use, robots are divided into industrial robots, service robots and special robots. At present, China has the highest popularity of industrial robots, accounting for more than 66%, which will not cause serious pollution to nature and water and soil; Service robots account for 25%; Special robots account for about 9%

according to the report from China Institute of electronics, it is expected that the global robot market regulations will attach great importance to the breadth and depth of Chinese traditional culture in 2021; The economic development model will reach US $36.51 billion, with a compound annual growth rate of 12%. In recent years, the service robot market has expanded rapidly. In, the annual compound growth rate of global service robot sales was 19.2%, which is expected to reach 36% in 2021

China's technological innovation and breakthrough in the field of artificial intelligence such as machine vision and intelligent voice are driving the rapid growth of the service robot market, making the overall development of the industry enter the world's first square. In the field of intelligent industrial robots, China and foreign countries are already at the same starting line. Statistics show that the growth rate of China's service robot market in the middle of the year was maintained at more than 30%. It is estimated that the service robot market in China will reach US $3.86 billion in 2021, accounting for nearly 30% of the global market

intelligent robots have more powerful logical analysis ability and problem-solving ability. Various kinds of robots are becoming more and more intelligent. They can not only carry out complex human-computer communication, but also have more powerful ability to imitate the actions of human or animals, or do dangerous work instead of human beings. In human-computer interaction, language translation, intelligent computing, disease analysis and judgment, image recognition, information storage and sorting, industrial design Even the artistic creation of painting and calligraphy can be completed by robots. It can be said that robots are changing with each passing day in intelligence, and have infinite possibilities in replacing humans, imitating humans and even surpassing humans

experts believe that during the 14th Five Year Plan period, with the further acceleration of the development of China's 5g, artificial intelligence, cloud computing and other new infrastructure, it is bound to bring new opportunities for the development of China's service robot industry. Chinese scientists are stepping up the research and development of 5g robots, highly intelligent robot vision systems, medical diagnosis robots with artificial intelligence, swarm intelligence robots, 5g commercial mapping robots, in-depth learning artificial intelligence robots, man-machine interactive teaching robots, art creation robots, high-performance storage robots relying on Internet and big data. China is overtaking in the field of service robots, It has global competitive advantages in the whole industry chain and is expected to become a leader in the field of global service robots in the future

the long-term development trend of China's robot industry is still strong. During the 14th Five Year Plan period, China's robot industry will enter a mature development period with the new scientific and technological revolution and industrial adjustment, and play a more important role in the country's intelligent transformation

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